Lateral Collateral ligament injury is caused when you twist, sprain or tear the LCL. There is an increased risk of injuring the LCL in sports such as football or rugby, this is because sports such as these can involve a lot of sudden twisting and turning involved, as well as pressures and sudden forces and jolts to the knee which can cause the ligament to become damaged or pushed into a position it was not designed to be in.
Found on the outside of your knee this ligament connects the top part of your fibula bone (shin) to the lower part of your thigh bone. One of the main functions of this ligament is that it keeps your knee stabilized and stops lateral movement of your knee.
People suffering from an LCL injury will usually have symptoms ranging from knee instability, pain, locking of the knee and swelling.
Physiotherapy is widely used to treat LCL injuries, helping to re strengthen the knee and in doing so improve stability and mobility once again in the knee. Physiotherapy focuses on concentrated exercises which gradually build on resistance as well as working with the motion and function of your ligaments and muscles in your knee. Supports and braces are often also used in Physiotherapy to help protect the Lateral Collateral ligament from further damage and to help keep your knee stable. Often the case is that people suffering from an LCL injury there knees will tend to be unstable as well as increased risk of damaging there knees as the LCL cannot prevent lateral movement of the knee that is why supports and braces to keep the knee in place are so important. Knee supports also help to correct through compression any ligament alignment issues and muscles imbalances which may have occurred from the injury. It is common for people suffering from an injury such as a LCL injury to adapt around the injury adjusting their form and and physique to minimize symptoms this can result in bad habits such as bad gait. . Knee supports help to keep the knee in correct form and positioning whilst you recover prevent this from happening.